PalaCinema Locarno - Locarno, Switzerland

Piazza Remo Rossi 1

6600

Locarno, Svizzera

architetto

AZPML + DFN (architects consortium)
55 Curtain Road, London EC2A 3PT, UK
in@azpml.com
+44 (0) 2070336482

Owner

PalaCinema SA c/o Municipality of Locarno
Piazza Grande 18, 6600 Locarno, Switzerland

Contact Details

Dr Arch. Cristina S. Polo López
SUPSI - University of applied sciences and arts of southern Switzerland
cristina.polo@supsi.ch
+41 58 666 63 14

Other Information

Visits
Is a public building.

© G. Marafioti
In the aftermath of the 2007 global financial crisis and rampant global warming –and perhaps the demise of “starchitecture” as a default procedure to build urban identity–, the Palazzo del Cinema Locarno project is guided by principles of economy, trying to capitalise in the existing structure and the public affection for the Palazzo Scolastico –which used to host the local schools and now hosts a variety of NGOs and community associations, to provide an architectural identity for the new cinema complex in Piazza Remo Rossi in Locarno, in the shores of Maggiore Lake. At a time when energy resources are dwindling and climate change has become a crucial problem for our cities, it would have been irresponsible to simply discard the existing building in order to build an entirely new one, with the corresponding expenditure of vital resources. Urban Recycling is a more adequate strategy for this intervention. Three levels of action to reduce the emissions have been considered: demand reduction, improved energy efficiency of systems and improved building management. A solar plant of 135.7 kWp and an estimated annual production of about 130,000 kWh was installed on the roof.
Energy performance
38 kWh/m2.y

Climate Zone Dfc

Altitude 200 s.l.m.

HDD 1449

CDD 111

Protection level Not listed

Conservation Area:
Si

Level of Protection:
A (maximum level of protection)

Building age 1850-1899

Year of last renovation:
2017

Year of previous renovation:
1932

Building use Multicultural platform for cinematic arts

Secondary use:
Educational and administrative facilities are located in the east and west wings of the building and connected with new multipurpose rooms and a terrace.

Building occupancy:
Permanently occupied

Number of occupants/users:
900

Building area Net floor area [m²]: 5400,0

Building typology:
Public building with a compact volumetry.

Number of floors:
3

Basement yes/no:
No

Number of heated floors:
3

Gross floor area [m²]:
6740,0

Volume [m³]:
55755,0

NFA calculation method:
SIA 416

Construction type
Stone masonry wall

External finish:
Plaster and stonework.

Internal finish:
Plastered (on hard)

Roof type:
Pitched roof

+ MORE - LESS
© G. Marafioti
© G. Marafioti
© G. Marafioti
© G. Marafioti
© G. Marafioti
© G. Marafioti
© G. Marafioti
© G. Marafioti
© G. Marafioti
© G. Marafioti
© G. Marafioti
© G. Marafioti
© G. Marafioti
© G. Marafioti
© G. Marafioti
SEE MORE +
© G. Marafioti
© G. Marafioti
© G. Marafioti
© AZPML
© AZPML
© AZPML
© AZPML
© AZPML
© AZPML
© AZPML
© AZPML
© AZPML
© AZPML
© AZPML
© AZPML
Connection before © AZPML
Connection before © AZPML
Court © AZPML
Court © AZPML
© AZPML
© AZPML
Construction Works © G.
Construction Works © G.

RENOVATION PROCESS

Architecture

BUILDING DESCRIPTION

The PalaCinema is a multicultural platform for the cinematic arts located in the historical centre of the city of Locarno in Ticino (Switzerland). The city hosts the Locarno Film Festival, so this centre is of particular importance. The building rises reusing the pre-existing structure of the Palazzo Scolastico in Piazza Remo Rossi. This building is a landmark in the city. The old part and the new part are clearly separated, with the new part leaning on the historical one. The building changes it use and now hosts a variety of NGOs and cultural associations, to provide an architectural identity for the new cinema complex in Locarno, near shores of Maggiore Lake. The centre houses 3 cinema halls and spaces for outdoor events. The pavement of the square recalls the red carpet characteristic of film festivals. The aim of the project has been to create a pole of excellence linked to the audiovisual, placing itself as a new cultural promoter.
Urban context
The building is located in the city centre of Locarno in Ticino, in the south of Switzerland. Locarno is an important city in the region and hosts the Locarno Film festival every year. Its historic centre is largely maintained and preserved as such, but the Palacinema has instead been transformed into a landmark for the city, merging with the pre-existing building and highlighting it. It is located a few steps from Piazza Grande (the main square) and also a short distance from Lake Maggiore. It is accessed through Via Franchino Rusca.

HERITAGE SIGNIFICANCE

ELEMENTS WORTHY OF PRESERVATION
It was considered important to maintain the facades of the building, despite some modifications. This allowed a much lower environmental impact than the complete renovation of the building, thus producing less embodied energy and reducing CP2 emissions. As for the rest of the building is concerned, a large part of the internal structure of the two wings has been maintained, while the central courtyard has been filled with the construction of the movie theatres.
Heritage Value Assesment
For the approval of the final project, there was a political will to convert the building functionally to host a multicultural platform for the cinematic arts, to revitalize socially and urbanistically an area of great importance at the entrance to the city, in front of Piazza Remo Rossi and at the entrance to Via Rusca, next to the Castello Visconteo, and give new life to this area. In the definition and implementation of the project there were political, financial and functional motivations that led to a specific choice for some design solutions that were perhaps questionable from a conservation point of view, such as the modification of the volume and the choice of materials in the original facades for functional needs (due to the change of use of the building requested by the client, in this case the Municipality of Locarno).
Heritage Assessment Files

State of repair

Conditions of the envelope
The building was in a state of neglect and no longer used. The original building needed to be restored and brought back to life while maintaining its external historical appearance, as it is part of a protected area. Its historical value lies more in the context of the protected rural area than in the building itself as if it was taken alone out of the context. The new project intends to increase territorial competitiveness through the enhancement of the potential of the audiovisual sector, create a competence center for the digitization and enhancement of audiovisual archives and develop training proposals, also making the territory benefit from a positive image impact for tourism. The own City of Locarno and the municipality together with many local associations and foundations participated by giving support to the project.
Description of pre-intervention building services
There is no information but the former school buildings was not more used.

Aim of retrofit

Renovation + Extension
As already described, the building has been transformed into a landmark of the city with a change in use considerable. In any case, there was the desire to maintain the substance of the original building. Among all the proposals in the competition announcement, the design proposal was chosen that kept the existing building avoiding its demolition, preserving the original parts of the building as much as possible conforming to the new intended use and making the new and the existing coexist. The objective of the intervention also concerns for the most part the environmental sustainability of the building because by extending the life of the old structure, an important reduction in the building's environmental costs has been achieved. In recovering the old structure of the Palazzo Scolastico, the architects aimed to substantially reduce the energy consumption required by the project, limiting carbon dioxide emissions caused by construction, demolition and transport activities to a minimum.
Was there any change of use?
From a former school to a cinema and multicultural centre hosting different private and public local entities related the cultural and visual and cinematic arts.
Was the intervention planned following a step-by-step approach?
After an initial opposition to the project, several meetings with interested parties, such as architects, promoters and owners, together with the cantonal offices and companies for the protection of local historic buildings (eg the Cultural Heritage Office and the Ticino Society for Art and Natura STAN) were carried out to evaluate the discrepancy aspects and to seek shared solutions which led to the final approval of the project. The City of Locarno and the Ticino Society for Art and Nature (STAN), which initially opposed the project, finally reach an agreement by stating that the final project allows to safeguard and enhance the existing building substance to the extentmaximum compatible with the needs of t he new destination assigned to the building.
Lessons learned
Old and new can be contrasted in an intervention like this by bringing to light different factors and also creating very different opinions. It is interesting to be able to observe the renovation in a different light that does not only focus on restoring the building to its original appearance by implementing its efficiency, but can also contrast the past with the present. Although not included among the buildings protected by the LBC, a cantonal law that regulates the protection and enhancement of cultural heritage, the building is inserted in a particular historical context, near the Visconteo Castle, Casorella and archaeological remains linked to the Castle, with a marked character in the urban planning configuration. The former schools were built at different times, which marked its transformation and finally its abandonment and decay. With the decision to keep the main parts of the original building, the value of memory was preserved.
Stakeholders Involvement
Public sector
Municipality of Locarno - City of Locarno
Piazza Grande 18, 6601 Locarno, Switzerland
citta@locarno.ch
Tel.+41 91 756 31 11
Private Sector
PalaCinema Locarno SA
Piazza Remo Rossi 1, 6600 Locarno, Switzerland
info@palacinemalocarno.ch
Tel.+41 91 756 31 07
Architect
AZPML + DFN (architects consortium)
55 Curtain Road, London EC2A 3PT, UK
in@azpml.com
Tel.+44 (0) 2070336482
Energy Consultant
Greenkey Sagl
Via Ceresio 45, 6963 Pregassona, Switzerland
info@greenkey.ch
Tel.+41 91 630 64 91
Structural Engineer
WMM Ingenieure AG
Florenz-Strasse 1d, 4142 Münchenstein (Basel), Switzerland
bl@wmm.ch
Tel.+41 61 339 90 90
Services Engineer
Marco de Carli engineer SA
Via Romerio 6, 6601 Locarno, Switzerland
info@ingdeca.ch
Tel.+41 91 751 07 51
Other
Alsolis SA
Via Penate 4, 6850 Mendrisio, Switzerland
info@alsolis.ch
Tel.+41 91 640 90 80
Other
Ecocontrol SA
Via Roveredo 16, 6604 Locarno, Switzerland
info@ecocontrol.ch
Tel.+41 91 290 12 00
Tools used
Was the renovation process done following a specific methodology? All public buildings in Switzerland must achieve a Minergie® label for low energy buildings. Minergie is the Swiss brand that certifies the sustainability of new or redeveloped buildings, with particular attention to living comfort.
Energy calculation SIA 380/1
Hygrothermal assessment No
Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) No
Other No

RETROFIT SOLUTIONS

External Walls

Stone masonry wall with concrete structure

Stone masonry wall with internal insulation

Stone masonry wall with concrete structure

The original structure has been largely maintained as far as the outer ring of the building is concerned, while the central part has been demolished to make room for the cinemas. The new core has been inserted inside the old building to reinforce the external walls with a reinforced concrete structure.

The building has been internally insulated with 18 cm on the new structure and new building. The minimum thickness necessary to reach the Minergie standard were selected both in the new part as in the old part, with the purpose to lose as little internal space as possible. This way the original façade remains exposed. As regards the renovation of the external surface, measures have been taken to allow images to be projected onto the façade. The plaster has in fact been carried out entirely in white. Initially the entire surface, including the ashlar, was to be plastered, but for conservation reasons this was not permitted. The intervention is already very invasive and completely covering the original façade would have ruined the intention of keeping part of its original expression alive.

U-value (pre-intervention) [W/m2K]: 0,0 W/m²K
More Details
Original wall build-up
Other - Plaster and ashlar:
20 mm
Stone - Structure:
600 mm
Plaster - The original plaster was not in a good state of conservation.:
20 mm
Retrofitted wall build-up
Other - White plaster and ashlar:
20mm
Stone - Original structure:
600 mm
Concrete - Reinforced concrete:
300 mm
Insulation - Mineral wood:
180 mm
Dry-lining - Drywall type Knauf dupple plate :
12 mm
Other - Various depending on the space function:
30 mm
Stone masonry wall with internal insulation

The original structure has been largely maintained on the wings of the building. For them it was only necessary to add 8 cm of insulation on walls. Special attention was given to the verification and avoidant of thermal bridges.

The minimum thickness necessary to reach the Minergie standard has been inserted, with the purpose to lose as little internal space as possible. This way the original façade remains exposed. The external surface has been treated as well as the stone masonry wall with concrete internal structure: measures have been taken to allow images to be projected onto the façade. The plaster has in fact been carried out entirely in white. Initially the entire surface, including the ashlar, was to be plastered, but for conservation reasons this was not permitted. The intervention is already very invasive and completely covering the original façade would have ruined the intention of keeping part of its original expression alive.

U-value (pre-intervention) [W/m2K]: 0,0 W/m²K U-value (post-intervention) [W/m2K]: 0,15 W/m²K
More Details
Original wall build-up
Other - Plaster and ashlar:
20 mm
Stone - Structure:
600 mm
Plaster :
20 mm
Retrofitted wall build-up
Other - White plaster and ashlar:
20mm
Stone - Original structure:
600 mm
Insulation :
80 mm
Other - Various depending on the space function:
30 mm


Windows

Golden foil framed windows

Golden foil framed windows

The windows have been replaced by new ones that are not reproductions of the originals and a golden sheet has also been added to the intrados. The windows of the building were not original and were replaced in different periods. It was considered correct to avoid historical falsehoods by imitating period windows, also because they are difficult to reconstruct and in contrast with energy regulations. In origin, the reduced size of the glass depended on the technology of the time that did not allow the use of glass with larger surfaces while modern technology allows it, being able to use three-layer glasses to improve energy efficiency, which have a much lower brightness coefficient than the original glass, which if used with small surfaces would reduce the amount of light brought into the environment, a factor that must be avoided.

The original double casement windows have been replaced by windows with a frame that is almost invisible from the outside. Previously all windows could be opened, while now a large part is fixed (this is possible thanks to mechanical ventilation that does not require natural ventilation). The intradoses of the windows were covered with gold foil, as if the new institutions housed in the building overflowed from the old envelope.

New window U-value Glass[W/m2K]: 0,6 New window U-value Frame [W/m2K]: 1,3
More Details
Existing window type Casement window
Existing glazing type Single
Existing shading type Roller blinds
Approximate installation year 1932
New window type Fixed window
New glazing type Triple
New shading type NA
New window solar factor g [-] 0,44

Other interventions

ROOF

GROUND FLOOR

OTHER

MEASURES TO INCREASE AIRTIGHTNESS

ROOF

The extension of the building concerns the addition of an upper floor (besides the "filling" of the internal courtyard). The original pitched roof is therefore in no way recovered. The new roof is light, flat and houses the large photovoltaic system.

The roof is part of the extension of the building, so it is part of the new volume which is completely different and stands in contrast to the restored part. Its appearance and construction system therefore have no connection with the old building. The new roof is made of a light metal structure, while the old building had a classic pitched roof with wooden carpentry and roof tiles.

More Details
Original roof build-up
Tiles - Terracotta:
50 mm
Other - Wood carpentry:
250 mm
Retrofitted roof build-up
Other - Cladding with PV system leaning on:
60 mm
Bitumen - Double bituminous membrane:
40 mm
Other - Expanded polystyrene panels type swisspor Bikuplan LL multi gg4 lam:
180 mm
Other - Vapour barrier:
20 mm
Metal sheets - Corrugated sheet:
60 mm
Other - Steel griders:
900 mm
GROUND FLOOR

The ground floor has been completely replaced.

Due to the change of function, the needs of the structure and the space occupied by the cinema halls, the floor has been completely demolished to be rebuilt as needed.

More Details
Original groundfloor build-up
Retrofitted groundfloor build-up
Finish - Various depending on the function of the room.:
20 mm
Concrete slab :
80 mm
Insulation :
200 mm
Concrete slab :
250 mm
Other - Lean concrete:
50 mm
OTHER

To complete energy efficiency, the lighting concept makes extensive use of LED technology. The installation of the safety systems was entrusted to Securiton AG. The entire building is protected by a SecuriFire 3000 fire detection system.

The intervention does not affect the conservation of the building's substance.

MEASURES TO INCREASE AIRTIGHTNESS

To achieve the Minergie® certificate specific attention were paid to control of the air change throughout the year and to good air tightness.

Airtightness (pre-intervention) [ach@50Pa] NA Airtightness (post-intervention) [ach@50Pa] NA

HVAC

HEATING

VENTILATION

AIR CONDITIONING

DOMESTIC HOT WATER

HEATING

100% indirect Ground Water Heat Pump (GWHP) for heating/cooling and domestic hot water in combination with the solar PV plant in the roof of the building. The production of thermal energy is guaranteed by a water-water heat pump with a primary medium of groundwater with 450 kW of thermal power capacity, while the refrigerating energy necessary for the air conditioning, of about 1'050 kW cooling power capacity, is ensured by a pumping station of water from the lake. In consideration of the fact that the lake water has a significant temperature difference depending on the seasonal trend and the depth of collection, in order to obtain an enough constant temperature and to allow an integral free-cooling function (10ºC at the point of use and 7ºC at the sampling point) it was necessary to go to a depth of 45 m due to the considerable length of the pipeline (approx. 1'000 ml.) This solution presupposed an accurate analysis of various aspects such as: maintenance of the pumping station; periodic cleaning of collection hoods, housing and anchoring pipes, operating pressures in the pipes and power supply. Taking these reasons into account, it was decided to adopt an "under head" suction pump system (booster system). After the renovation, the building was certified Minergie® for buildings with low energy consumption (energy index between 30 - 38 kWh / m2y) respecting some fundamental requirements: 1) Attention to the insulation of the building envelope and thermal bridges; 2) Control of the air change throughout the year; 3) Verification of summer thermal comfort; 4) Additional requirements regarding lighting, industrial refrigeration systems and heat production; 5) Limitation of additional costs up to a maximum of 10%, compared to conventional buildings.

Geothermal power can be generated throughout the year on twenty-four-hour basis as it is not much dependent on ambient temperature and weather conditions exploitation low enthalpy geothermal (aquifers) resources for heating and cooling. There is lower environmental impacts due to the exploitation of such geothermal resource.

More Details
New primary heating system
New system type Geothermal Ground Water Heat Pump (GWHP)
Fuel Electricity
Distribuition system
Nominal power 450 kW
VENTILATION

Comfort is achieved by maintaining high technical and quality standards of the casing and by the renewal of the air guaranteed by controlled ventilation systems. The HVAC and ventilation systems have been divided according to the different sectors of use, in order to adapt the thermal loads to the thermo-hygromectic conditions and to the actual activities (cinema halls, foyer, multipurpose room and theater, administration rooms and audio-video CCD archive rooms) for a volume total treated air of 89'500.00 m3 / h.

To achieve the Minergie® certificate specific attention were paid to control of the air change throughout the year and to good good performances and verification of summer thermal comfort.

More Details
Original roof build-up New ventilation system
Type ventilation system
Type flow regime Air handling unit 89,500 m3 / h.
Heat recovery Si
Humitidy recovery
Nominal power kW
Electric power kW
Control system Si
AIR CONDITIONING

The new cooling systems consist in a Groundwater Heat Pump (GWHP) system. GWHP with 450 kW of thermal power capacity and 1050 kW of cooling capacity. GroundWater Heat Pump systems (GWHPs) extract water from one or more wells, pass it through a heat exchanger or a heat pump, which either extracts heat from, or rejects heat, and discharge water back into the aquifer or nearby surface water. To achieve the Minergie® certificate additional and high requirements regarding industrial refrigeration systems and heat production must be complied (HVAC systems).

For the purposes of Minergie certification it is important that the whole building is considered as an integrated system: the building envelope, but also the domestic systems. For the domestic technology with heating, ventilation and hot water preparation, not many additional additions are required, but rather reasonable combinations of systems.

More Details
New cooling system
Type Heat pump
Distribuition system Radiating floor
Nominal power 252 kW
Electric power 1050,0 kW
DOMESTIC HOT WATER

A new DHW systems have been implemented in combination with the HVAC system.

The old building has been totally modified to meet the new needs for changes in use (school building to cinema and cultural building) and for the configuration spaces' needs to follow the distribution program required by the tender competition.

More Details
New DHW system
Type with heating system
Hot_water_tank Si
With heat recovery Si

RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS

Photovoltaic

Geothermal

Photovoltaic

A photovoltaic system has been installed on the roof. With a nominal power of 135.7 kWp, the production is about 130'000 kWh/y. The total cost is 178'000 CHF.

The intention is to guarantee the best possible integration from an aesthetic and architectural point of view. For this reason, the system has been inserted on the roof. Initially the intent was to install an integrated PV system, but after a cost comparison it was decided to continue with a standard black/blue monocrystalline cell system. The inverter is installed in the technical room on the top floor.

The preliminary analysis showed an open horizon on the roof, with good sunshine throughout the year. For this reason it was decided to work with modules inclined at 15° with a bidirectional east-west system that allows energy production to be better distributed throughout the day. The lower inclination results in lower profitability, but the covered surface area can be increased in the absence of shading, thus compensating for this factor.

More Details
Photovoltaic System
Type Monocrystaline
Collector area 759,0 m²
Total nominal power 135,7 kW
Elevation angle 15,0
Azimuth 90,0
Overall yearly production 130000,0 kWh
Geothermal

GroundWater Heat Pump system (GWHP) were used for heating and cooling purposes and also for the domestic hot water (DHW), in combination with the solar PV plant in the roof of the building. The production of thermal energy is guaranteed by a water-water heat pump with a primary medium of groundwater with 450 kW of thermal power capacity, while the refrigerating energy necessary for the air conditioning, of about 1'050 kW cooling power capacity, is ensured by a pumping station of water from the lake. Geothermal power can be generated throughout the year on twenty-four-hour basis as it is not much dependent on ambient temperature and weather conditions exploitation low enthalpy geothermal (aquifers) resources for heating and cooling. Lake catching: 2 pumps x 180 m3 / h; capturing headphones placed at a depth of 45 meters; Water transport line approx. 1'000 linear meters (of which 250 ml in the DN 250 lake).

Exploitation of low enthalpy geothermal resources for geothermal space heating and cooling for domestic hot water applications. No requirements as the old former building were totally renovated.

GroundWater Heat Pump systems (GWHPs) are used in this building to extract water from one or more wells, pass it through a heat exchanger or a heat pump, which either extracts heat from, or rejects heat, and discharge water back into the aquifer, in this case, acquifers exploiting lake Maggiore catchment. In consideration of the fact that the lake water has a significant temperature difference depending on the seasonal trend and the depth of collection, in order to obtain an enough constant temperature and to allow an integral free-cooling function (10ºC at the point of use and 7ºC at the sampling point) it was necessary to go to a depth of 45 m due to the considerable length of the pipeline (approx. 1'000 ml.) This solution presupposed an accurate analysis of various aspects such as: maintenance of the pumping station; periodic cleaning of collection hoods, housing and anchoring pipes, operating pressures in the pipes and power supply. Taking these reasons into account, it was decided to adopt an "under head" suction pump system (booster system).

More Details
Geothermal System
Type Vertical loop
Exchange area 0,0 m²
Overall yearly production 205200,0 kWh

Energy Efficiency

Energy Performance
Energy performance certificate: Minergie 2017, certificato num TI-480 Minergie® Certification for low energy consumption buildings is the Swiss brand that certifies the sustainability of new or redeveloped buildings. This certificates implies a limitation of additional costs up to a maximum of 10%, compared to conventional buildings.
Voluntary certificates: Minergie 2017, certificato num TI-480 This certificates implies a limitation of additional costs up to a maximum of 10%, compared to conventional buildings.
Energy Use
Heating
Consumption_estimation_Calculation_method: Minergie® Certification
Documents:
PalaCinema - MINERGIE Schweiz_TI-480.pdf
Minergie® Certification

Consumption_estimation_After: 38 kWh/m2.y

Primary Energy
Consumption_estimation_Calculation_method: Minergie® Certification
Consumption_estimation_Including_DHW: Si
Consumption_estimation_After: Estimation of energy demand: 205200 kWh/y

Internal Climate

Temperature

Thermal comfort was improved as the building was no longer used due to poor energy and environmental conditions. After the renovation, the building obtained the Minergie® Certification for low energy consumption buildings, which is the Swiss brand that certifies the sustainability of new or redeveloped buildings, with particular attention to living comfort. Comfort is achieved by maintaining high technical and quality standards of the casing and by the renewal of the air guaranteed by controlled ventilation systems.

Indoor Air Quality

Comfort and Indoor Air Qualiy is achieved by maintaining high technical and quality standards of the casing and by the renewal of the air guaranteed by controlled ventilation systems.

Daylight

Special attention was given to internal lighting and to the daylight factor. The windows have been replaced by new ones which are not reproductions of the originals and a gold foil has also been added to the intrados. Originally, the small size of the glass in the original windows depended on the technology of the time that did not allow the use of glass with larger surfaces. The three-layered glass used in the renovation improves energy efficiency, but has a lower brightness coefficient than the original glass, reducing the amount of light introduced into the environment. The gold foil in the edge of the window increases the reflection coefficient by decreasing the natural light in the building. It was created in the extension of the volume of the original facade wiht a Kinetic facade structure using steel cables for fixing movable elements (3 mm) in stainless gold steel movable elements (10x10 cm / 0.8 mm) which provide light diffusion and shadow on the terrace of the top floor. A mockup was recreated on a scale to verify the effect of the wind and the sound of moving elements.

Acoustic Comfort

Special attention was paid to the acoustics and sound insulation of the 3 new cinemas inside the building. The correct performance has been verified by a specific sound studio with verification and testing of acoustic insulation and verification of architectural acoustics. A mockup was recreated on a scale to verify the effect of the wind and the sound of moving elements of the Kinetic facade structure of the raised floor.

Artifact Conservation

No

Costs

Financial Aspects

The following financing arrangements have been made for the intervention: Tourism and cultural sector: 5'000'000 CHF Stella Chiara Foundation: 10'000'000 CHF City of Locarno: 6'000'000 CHF Cantonal contributions: 6'000'000 CHF Municipalities, sponsors and other sources: 5'200'000 CHF

Investment Costs
Total investment costs
33'660'000 CHF (total)
Amount includes: Fund: 235'000 CHF Preliminary works: 3'998'000 CHF Building: 23'672'000 CHF Operating equipment: 1'300'000 CHF External works: 190'000 CHF Secondary expenses and VAT: 2'465'000 CHF Reserves: 1'500'000 CHF Costs of HVAC, DHW and ventilation system (GWHP with lake water collection system): 5'000'000 CHF Fairly precise estimate of the main cost positions (before the intervention), the actual costs after the intervention are not available.
Running Costs
Lifecycle cost
No

Nel rispetto del regolamento (UE) 2016/679, ti informiamo che questo sito utilizza cookie propri tecnici e di terze parti per consentirti una migliore navigazione ed un corretto funzionamento delle pagine web. Proseguendo la navigazione del sito o cliccando su "OK" acconsenti all'uso dei cookie. Se vuoi saperne di più o negare il consenso, clicci qui.